1960s Pop History – 1963

(prior to 11/22/63) President: John F Kennedy, Vice President: Lyndon B Johnson
(11/22/63 until 1/20/65) President: Lyndon B Johnson, Vice President: None
The population of the United States is 188,483,000
National Debt is 310.3 Billion
Unemployment is 5.5%
Life Expectancy: 70.1 years
Family median income = $6,200 (up $200. from 1962)
Academy Award : Lawrence of Arabia (click to buy)  (Best Picture)
Grammy Award : I Left My Heart in San Francisco (click to buy) (Album) What Kind of Fool Am I (click to buy)  (Song)
Pulitzer Prize : The Reivers (click to buy)  (Fiction)
President John F Kennedy is shot and killed on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, TX while riding in a Presidential motorcade(read more at: Kennedy Assassination pages)
President Kennedy’s assassin Lee Harvey Oswald is arrested several hours later hiding in a movie theater in Dallas (read more at: Lee Harvey Oswald page)
Oswald is murdered two days later by Jack Ruby on national TV during his transfer to the County Jail (read more at: Lee Harvey Oswald page 3)
Lyndon Johnson is hastily sworn in as the 36th President
The US has no Vice President until 1965 when Hubert Humphrey was elected
Patsy Cline, country music superstar, is killed in a plane crash along with fellow performers Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the poor must have lawyers, paving the way for the Public Defenders Office
The Alcatraz Island federal penitentiary in San Francisco Bay is ordered shut by Attorney General Robert Kennedy
The longest running soap opera General Hospital debuts
The Coca-Cola Company announces its first diet drink, TAB cola
George C. Wallace is elected Alabama Governor on a platform which promised racial segregation
ZIP Codes are used for the first time in the U.S.
The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty
The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio
The BBC television series Doctor Who airs it’s first episode
Instant Replay was invented by Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director
The Warren Commission is established by President Johnson to investigate the assassignation of President Kennedy
The first woman in space was Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova aboard the USSR’s Vostok 6 spacecraft
The Beatles release I Want to Hold Your Hand and I Saw Her Standing There, in the US
Harvey Ball draws the now iconic smiley face symbol for an advertising campaign
Debuting on television were: My Favorite MartianThe Fugitive and Petticoat Junction
In movies a new genre emereged, the beach movie, with Beach Party being the first of many
Michael Rich :