1950s Famous People

The names of famous and influential people are scattered throughout the FiftiesWeb

This is merely a short-short list for those of you who have been asked the question, Name Some Famous People.

The Arts - Writers, Playwrights, and Painters

1950s famous people

Ernest Hemingway
Born:1899 in Oak Park, Illinois
Died: 7/2/1961
One of the great American writers of the 20th century. Hemingway’s lean stories usually dealt with men living active, dangerous lives, soldiers, fishermen, athletes, bullfighters, who meet challenge and hardship with quiet courage. Works include “A Farewell to Arms” (1929),”To Have and Have Not” (1937), “For Whom the Bell Tolls” (1940), and “The Old Man and the Sea” (1952). Many of Hemingway’s books were made into movies. He was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in literature

Hemingway shot himself, committing suicide by gun as had his father before him.

1950s important people

Tennessee Williams (Thomas Lanier Williams)
Born: 3/26/1911 in Columbus, Mississippi
Died: 2/24/1983 in New York City
South’s greatest playwright whose plays reflected his Southern experience. He achieved more fame when many of his plays were made into movies. Works include “The Glass Menagerie” (1945), “A Streetcar Named Desire” (1947 for which he won the Pulitzer), “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof” (1955 for which he won the Pulitzer) and “Night of the Iguana” (1961).

Arthur Miller

Arthur Miller
Born:10/17/1915 in New York City
Died: 2/10/2005
Leading American dramatist whose best known work, “Death of a Salesman” (1949) won the Pulitzer Prize. Other works include “The Crucible” (1953), “A View From the Bridge” (1955 also a Pulitzer Prize), “After the Fall” (1964) and the screenplay for “The Misfits” (1961).

Miller’s fame increased when he married Marilyn Monroe in 1956, later to divorce in 1961.

In 1957 Miller was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to name names to the House Un-American Activities Committee. In 1958 United States Court of Appeals overturned the conviction.

famous people -Dr. Spock

Dr. Benjamin Spock
Born: 5/2/1903 in New Haven, Connecticut
Died: 1998
Pediatrician whose book, “Baby and Child Care” (1946) would become the manual for the parents of Baby Boomers. Spock’s book would be translated into 39 languages and sell more than 50 million copies, making it second in sales only to the Bible.

J.D. Salinger

J. D. Salinger
Born:1/1/1919 in New York City
Died: 1/27/2010
His work consists mainly of one book and some short stories. But what a book. “The Catcher in the Rye” (1951), a novel about a schoolboy at odds with society, was wildly popular with college students. In 1965, Salinger retreated from public life.

1950s famous writers

Herman Wouk
Born: 5/27/1915 in New York City
An American writer whose first major work, “The Caine Mutiny” (1951) was later turned into a popular movie starring Humphrey Bogart. Then came Marjorie Morningstar (1955) which was made into a movie starring Natalie Wood. Two later novels about World War II, The Winds of War (1971) and War and Remembrance (1978), were equally successful and formed the basis for two television miniseries.

1950s famous playwrights

“Mickey” Spillane (Frank Morrison Spillane)
Born: 3/9/1918 in Brooklyn, New York
Died: 7/17/2006
Paperback novels enjoyed banner sales in the Fifties with Mickey Spillane’s creation of Mike Hammer at the front of the pack. There have been 13 Mike Hammer books, 2 television series and many movies and made for TV movies. Spillane has sold over 130 million books.

1950s famous artists

Jackson Pollack
Born:1912 in Cody, Wyoming
Died: 1956
Painter who’s style is considered abstract expressionism. His experimentations led to the development of his famous “drip” technique, in which he energetically drew or “dripped” complicated linear rhythms onto enormous canvases. He was killed in an automobile accident.